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Fuel Cell
Advantages *Sustainable: Fuel Cells can be operated w*Sustainable: Fuel Cells can be operated with biofuels and pollution free *Energy efficient: Fuel cells have more than two times the efficiency of traditional combustion technologies *Fuel cells can have efficiency rates of up to 85% when heat from the fuel cell is captured and used in combination with electrical power used in combination with electrical power  +
Ambient Temperature RangeMax 70  +
Ambient Temperature RangeMin -40  +
Application barriers Fuel cells are very complex systems.  +
Characteristic features Higher efficiency by co-generation of electricity and heat by one single device.  +
CurrentMax 200  +
CurrentMin 0  +
Description A fuel cell is an electrochemical device tA fuel cell is an electrochemical device that uses oxygen and replenished fuel to produce electricity. Fuel cells can be designed as home fuel cells for a residential- scaled energy system and the technology can be used for micro combined heat and power systems. Combined heat and power cells have a superior efficiency by fulfilling heat and electricity demand from one system. A fuel cell converts natural gas, propane and biofuels into electricity and the byproducts heat, carbon dioxide and small amounts of NOx as exhaust. Electricity and heat will be produced as long as fuel is supplied to a fuel cell, which allows a residence to reduce overall energy consumption, carbon emissions and utility costs while being able to operate on-site within a home and 24 hours a day. There are many different types of fuel cells like the alkaline fuel cell (AFC), direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell, molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), etc. where the most technologies are still at an early stage of development and not commercially available today.ment and not commercially available today.  +
DimensionsMax 400/1750/400  +
DimensionsMin 70/75/47  +
Disadvantages *High initial investment costs *Startup time *Lifetime - Around 60,000 hours  +
Electrical Efficiency (LHV)Min 95.0  +
FuelMin City gas (13A), Reformate, Natural Gas, Propane, Biofuels, Hydrogen and Air  +
Fuel Flow RateMax 65  +
Fuel Flow RateMin 0.18  +
Heat Rate (HHV)Min 85.8  +
Input Fuel PressureMax 0.55  +
Input Fuel PressureMin 0.45  +
Investment CostMax 21,054  +
Investment CostMin 368  +
Life ExpectancyMax 70,000  +
Life ExpectancyMin 60,000  +
Maximum Net PowerMax 6000  +
Maximum Net PowerMin 500  +
Nominal VoltageMax 57.0  +
Nominal VoltageMin 5.5  +
Operating CostMin 5.59  +
Operating EfficiencyMin 40  +
Trade Building services  +
Weight DryMax 90  +
Weight DryMin 0.245  +
Categories Energy Generation  + , ES 1  + , ES 2  + , Renewable Energies  + , ES 3  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 28 February 2017 19:52:23  +
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